Sabai Grass: Empowering Artistry, Sustainability, and Craftsmanship

    • bookmark icon


    Sabai grass, also known as Babui grass, has emerged as a remarkable natural resource that combines tradition, fashion, and sustainable development. Cultivated in the rural landscapes of India, this versatile grass has gained popularity not only for its eco-friendly attributes but also for its ability to transform the lives of rural communities.

    In this article, we will explore the increasing popularity of Sabai grass, its journey from traditional handicrafts to fashionable products, and the positive impact it has had on the lives of people in rural areas.

    Sabai Grass (Eulaliopsis binata), belongs to the grass family and is grown in many Asian countries like China, Nepal, India, Pakistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia and Philippines.

    In India, Mayurbhanj district in Odisha is a famous centre of Sabai Grass weaving but artisans in other places such as Bankura, Purulia, Baripada and Jhargarm in West Bengal and Odisha too practice this craft. It has become a source of livelihood, of women’s empowerment and even rehabilitation for many people in these parts.

    Interestingly, Babuii was considered to be so strong that the British Army in India used this for pulling their artillery!

    The Rise of Sabai Grass

    Sabai grass has a rich history deeply intertwined with rural communities in India. Traditionally, it was primarily used for making ropes, mats, and other functional household items. However, with changing times and evolving consumer preferences, the demand for Sabai grass products has expanded beyond utility to embrace fashion and design.

    Fashionable Transformation

    One of the key reasons behind the popularity of Sabai grass is its ability to be transformed into fashionable and aesthetically pleasing products. Artisans and craftsmen have honed their skills to create intricate designs and patterns using this resilient grass. Sabai grass products now encompass a wide range of items, including bags, baskets, cots, wall hangings, decorative boxes, coasters, accessories, floor coverings, and even furniture! The artistic appeal and eco-friendliness of these products have captured the attention of consumers, both in domestic and international markets.

    Sustainable Livelihoods

    Sabai grass cultivation and the Sabai grass industry have played a vital role in creating sustainable livelihoods for rural communities. By providing employment opportunities to skilled artisans, the industry has uplifted the economic conditions of many families. The cultivation of Sabai grass requires minimal resources and can thrive in less fertile highlands, making it a suitable option for regions where agriculture faces challenges. This grass acts as a "Money Plant" throughout the year, ensuring a steady cash flow for the communities involved in its cultivation and processing.

    Environmental Sustainability

    Sabai grass is a sustainable and eco-friendly resource. Its cultivation requires minimal water compared to other crops, reducing the strain on water resources in rural areas. Additionally, the use of natural dyes and the absence of synthetic materials contribute to a reduced carbon footprint. As consumers become more aware of the environmental impact of their choices, the popularity of Sabai grass products continues to grow.

    The popularity of Sabai grass has transcended its traditional usage and evolved into a fashionable and sustainable industry. The journey from traditional handicrafts to fashion-forward products has not only created economic opportunities for rural communities but has also preserved cultural heritage and promoted environmental sustainability. The increasing demand for Sabai grass products in both domestic and international markets is a testament to its versatility and appeal.

    As we embrace fashion with a conscience, Sabai grass stands out as a symbol of style, sustainability, and rural transformation.

    Peepul Tree World powered by Live History India, is a first of its kind digital platform aimed at helping you Rediscover the many facets and layers of India’s great history and cultural legacy. Our aim is to bring alive the many stories that make India and get our readers access to the best research and work being done on the subject. If you have any comments or suggestions or you want to reach out to us and be part of our journey across time and geography, do write to us at

    Prev Button

    Blue Sparkle Handmade Mud Art Wall Hanging

    Next Button