Gondophares: India’s Biblical Connection? (1st century CE)
“In the time of King Herod, after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, asking, ‘Where is the child who has been born king of the Jews? For we observed his star at its rising, and have come to pay him homage’.”
The first verse of the second chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament describes the birth of Jesus Christ and mentions ‘three wise men’, or magi, who are supposed to have come from the East.
While the New Testament does not assign names to these men, it is traditionally accepted that they were: Melchior, a Persian scholar; Balthazar, a Babylonian scholar; and Caspar from India. These wise men have also been described as Balthasar, a king of Arabia; Melchior, a king of Persia; and Gaspar, a king of India, in a Greek manuscript probably composed in Alexandria around 500 CE.